On August 14, 1935, the Social Security Act was enacted ... To post for the e rattlingday welfare by establishing a system of federal old-age benefits and by enabling the several states to make more adequate provision...
The accredited significance of this Act is that it was the countrys first major federal governing body program to deal directly with the frugal security of its citizens. originally then, such matters were handled by states and private sources. Federal action became inevitable because neither the states nor private charities had the financial resources to cope with the growing look at among the people.
The subsequent paragraphs will examine some of those major social, economic, and philosophic developments which led, directly or indirectly, to the present American social indemnity system.
The Social Security Act is an attempt by government to meet some of the serious problems of economic insecurity arising in an industrial society. Up to 1870, more than half the nations adult workers were farmers.
In the geezerhood that followed, however, industry developed rapidly and the economy tended increasingly to be characterized by industrialization, specialization, and urbanization. The result was a nation of more employees works for wages and proportionately fewer independent farmers, artisans, and tradesmen engaged in family enterprises.
In an industrialized society, workers found themselves dependent on outside forces to provide their families with the necessities of life, forces over which they had little influence.
Any misfortune that interrupted their flowing income could mean destitution and poverty. The severe depression of the 1930s dramatized the fact that more American workers were almost universally dependent on factors beyond their individual control for their economic security.
Previous methods used to meet the economic risks of unemployment, old-age, death, and disability no longer proved adequate or guaranteed security in the face of nationwide economic disaster. A...
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