Utilitarianism According to J.J.C. Smart, utilitarianism is a theory that all actions argon judged by their consequences. The chase paper will deal with ii forms of utilitarianism: 1) uttermost(a) utilitarianism, and 2) certified utilitarianism. J.J.C. Smart outlines the various aspects of each of these forms of utilitarianism in his paper, Extreme and moderate Utilitarianism. These aspects will be discussed in the current paper. The differences between the both forms of utilitarianism will also be discussed. Within his paper, J.J.C. Smart poses almost very valid challenges towards utilitarianism. This paper will outline these challenges and be after some possible rebuttals from John Stuart Mill. Extreme Utilitarianism According to Smart, an utmost(a) utilitarian believes that ordinary rules are simply rules of thumb that we pulmonary tuberculosis in stage to avoid having to figure out the possible consequences of our actions at each step. Smart also states that an extreme utilitarian will localize his behaviour according to the rules of morality. The examples Smart provides are do non lie, and do non break promises. recitation organized religion as an example. Most religions preserve middling strict rules and/or commandments. These rules are followed because the consequences of not following them would not benefit the bulk of people. It is the current authors belief that most religions follow extreme utilitarianism.
In Smarts paper on utilitarianism, he discusses the relative frequency of actions and decisions being do in a hurry. Smart utilize the e xample of a person drowning; however for the! sake of change, deem a opposite example. You are driving down a fairly abandoned road. You see a stranded motorist on the lift of the road. There is no time to direct a decision, afterwards all if you wait to long, youll have passed the motorist. trust his instincts, according to Smart, the extreme utilitarian would stop to assist... If you want to deal a wide-eyed essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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